In accordance with the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, there are near an estimated 1 million adults within the country living with multiple sclerosis (MS). When someone has MS, their immune system attacks the protective covering of nerves. Consequently, the nerves grow to be damaged and communication between the brain and the body gets disrupted.
If you must higher understand this chronic, unpredictable disease of the nervous system, listed below are three things to find out about multiple sclerosis.
1. Kinds of Multiple Sclerosis
Patients who eventually get diagnosed with MS first experience a neurological event called Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS). This event often lasts about 24 hours.
After CIS, the patient develops one among 4 forms of MS, which include:
- Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS). Essentially the most common type of MS by which there are temporary periods where symptoms either flare-up, worsen, or seem to vanish.
- Secondary-Progressive MS (SPMS). A type of MS that typically follows RRMS with symptoms steadily becoming worse over time.
- Primary-Progressive MS (PPMS). A rarer type of MS by which the symptoms slowly worsen with none relapses or periods of remission.
- Progressive-Relapsing MS (PRMS). The rarest type of MS where symptoms worsen with acute relapses but no periods of remission.
Of those diagnosed with MS,
as much as 85% of them are initially diagnosed with RRMS. About half of those diagnosed with RRMS will eventually get diagnosed with SPMS.
2. Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
The symptoms of MS can vary widely from individual to individual. The symptoms are also dependent upon the sort of MS. It is important to notice that symptoms can change over time. One in every of the primary symptoms that folks with MS experience is vision problems. These vision problems include an onset of blurred vision or pain in the attention.
Other common symptoms of MS include:
- Fatigue that interferes with the power to work or function at home.
- Walking difficulties that include weakness and lack of balance.
- Numbness or tingling of the face or the extremities.
- Spasticity which incorporates painful muscle spasms and feelings of stiffness.
Some individuals with MS may additionally experience vertigo, itchiness, constipation, sexual problems, bladder dysfunction, cognitive changes, and depression.
One of the debilitating symptoms of MS is pain. Pain related to MS is available in the shape of headaches, burning pain within the extremities, or back pain. Less common symptoms of MS include speech and swallowing problems, tremors, seizures, respiration problems, and hearing loss.
Unfortunately, due to big selection of symptoms, MS may be difficult to diagnose. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis of MS often involves several tests, corresponding to an MRI, spinal tap, and evoked potential tests.
3. Treatment Options for Multiple Sclerosis
There isn’t a cure for MS. There are, nonetheless, treatment options that can assist manage the symptoms of MS, decrease pain, speed up the recovery after flare-ups, and decelerate the progression of the disease.
To treat MS attacks, physicians may prescribe corticosteroids, which help to cut back inflammation. Plasma exchange may also help for severe symptoms that don’t reply to corticosteroids. To change the progression of MS, treatment options include injections, oral treatments, and infusion treatments. Physicians may additionally recommend physical therapy, muscle relaxants, and fatigue-reducing medications.
The suitable treatment depends upon the severity of the disease, whether previous treatments were effective, and whether the patient has some other health issues. Irrespective of the treatment, it is vital to start out it as early as possible. Early and aggressive treatment offers the perfect probability to lower relapse rates and reduce the chance of brain atrophy.
Have you ever been diagnosed with MS and are in search of ways to administer your symptoms, especially the debilitating pain? In that case, contact Specialists in Pain Management. We provide a wide range of
pain management procedures for pain related to MS and plenty of other conditions.