The Apprehension Test, or the crank test, is usually used to ascertain for a shoulder dislocation or shoulder instability within the anterior direction. Shoulder instability exercises:
To perform the shoulder apprehension test, have your patient lie down, and produce their arm into 90 degrees of abduction and the elbow at 90 degrees as well. Slowly rotate their shoulder into external rotation. If the patient shows apprehension, that may be a positive test. Pain can indicate other things happening within the shoulder. Pushing downward on the glenohurmeral joint when doing the test again could be done to see if the pain or apprehension decreases.
Shoulder Instability Exercises:
Shoulder Apprehension Test:
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